Essential resources to protect and support adults at risk of harm within East Riding communities.
Safeguarding means protecting an adult’s right to live in safety, free from abuse. It is about people and organisations working together to prevent and stop both the risks and experience of abuse, while at the same time making sure that the adult’s wellbeing is promoted including, where appropriate, having regard to their views, wishes, feelings and beliefs in deciding on any action.
People have complex lives and professionals should work with the adult to establish what being safe means to the adult and how that can be best achieved.
The aims of Adult Safeguarding are to:
The safeguarding duties apply to an adult who:
This may be a person who:
This is not intended to be an exhaustive list but an illustrative guide as to the sort of behaviour which could give rise to a safeguarding concern.
Physical abuse – including assault, hitting, slapping, pushing, misuse of medication, restraint or inappropriate physical sanctions.
Domestic abuse – including psychological, physical, sexual, financial, emotional abuse; so called ‘honour’ based violence.
Sexual abuse – including rape, sexual assault, indecent exposure, sexual harassment, inappropriate looking or touching, sexual teasing or innuendo, sexual photography, subjection to pornography or witnessing sexual acts or sexual acts to which the adult has not truly consented.
Psychological abuse – including emotional abuse, threats of harm, deprivation of contact, humiliation, blaming, controlling, intimidation, harassment, verbal abuse, cyber bullying, isolation or unreasonable and unjustified withdrawal of services.
Financial or material abuse – including theft, fraud, internet scamming, coercion in relation to an adult’s financial affairs, including in connection with wills, property, or financial transactions, or the misuse or misappropriation of property, possessions or benefits.
Modern slavery – encompasses slavery, human trafficking, forced labour and domestic servitude.
Discriminatory abuse – including forms of harassment, slurs or similar treatment; because of race, gender and gender identity, age, disability, sexual orientation or religion.
Organisational abuse – including neglect and poor care practice within an institution or specific care setting such as a hospital or care home, or in relation to care provided in one’s own home. It can be through neglect or poor professional practice as a result of the structure, policies, or practices within an organisation.
Neglect and acts of omission – including ignoring medical, emotional or physical care needs, failure to provide access to appropriate health, care, the withholding of the necessities of life, such as adequate nutrition and heating.
Self-neglect – including neglecting to care for one’s personal hygiene, health or surroundings and includes behaviour such as hoarding.
Incidents of abuse may be one-off or multiple, and affect one person or more. Professionals and others should look beyond single incidents or individuals to identify patterns of harm.
Repeated instances of poor care may be an indication of more serious problems and of what we now describe as organisational abuse.
In order to see these patterns it is important that information is recorded and appropriately shared.
Patterns of abuse vary and include:
Staff and volunteers should not limit their view of what constitutes abuse or neglect, as it can take many forms.
Anyone can witness or become aware of information suggesting that abuse is occurring. It is important that everyone understands what to do, and where to go to get help and advice. It is vital that everyone remains vigilant on behalf of those unable to protect themselves. This will include:
STEP ONE: Initial Action
These actions can normally be undertaken by anyone who becomes aware of abuse and neglect.
STEP TWO: Further Action
The actions in this section will normally be undertaken by a more senior person or someone with an operational understanding of safeguarding. It is important that this person ensures the initial actions have been completed or at least considered.
STEP THREE: Follow Up Actions
These actions will normally be carried out by the person with overall responsibility for safeguarding in that area of work, for example the registered manager in a care home or the designated person for safeguarding in other settings
People must be assumed to have capacity to make their own decisions and be given all practicable help before anyone considers the adult as not being able to make their own decisions. When an adult is found to lack capacity to make a specific decision at a specific time then any action taken, or any decision made for, or on their behalf, must be made in the adult’s interest.
The Mental Capacity Act 2005 protects people who are unable to make decisions for themselves or lack the mental capacity to do so.
Decisions and actions carried out under the Mental Capacity Act 2005 should be tested against the five key principles.
The five key statutory principles are:
Assessing mental capacity
Anyone can assess capacity. For most day to day decisions, this will be the individual caring for the person, this could include a care worker or a district nurse assessing if the person consents to being bathed or having a dressing changed.
To determine incapacity, the person has to be judged to have an impairment or disturbance in the functioning of the mind or brain, either temporary or permanent, and an inability to make decisions at that time.
A person is unable to make a decision if they cannot:
Who do I report safeguarding concerns to?
East Riding of Yorkshire Council Safeguarding Adults Team County Hall, Beverley, East Riding of Yorkshire HU17 9BA
Tel: (01482) 396940 (Mon to Thur: 9am-5pm, Fri: 9am-4.30pm)
Out of hours Emergency Duty Team (01377) 241273 Fax: (01482) 396969
Secure email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Please note: Concerns regarding someone needing care/help at home would not be considered as safeguarding.
If you are concerned that someone needs help and support to look after themselves at home, a referral may need to be made to one of our adult care management teams. In most cases a referral will need the knowledge and/or consent of the person concerned. To access the most appropriate team or social care service you should contact customer services; who, based on the information you provide will discuss the most appropriate option with you.
To contact Customer Services:
Tel: (01482) 393939
Who else may need to be informed?
Care Quality Commission (CQC) 03000 616161
East Riding Safeguarding Adults Board
County Hall, Beverley, East Riding of Yorkshire HU17 9BA
Tel: (01482) 396940
Fax: (01482) 396969
ERSAB training co-ordinator
Tel: (01482) 392092